what were the consequences of the persian wars

Due to the accumulation of solid wastes, groundwater contamination took place on a large scale. It was also believed that Iraq had developed chemical weapons, and thus, could be a threat to the entire world. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. There were two mainland invasions of Greece, in 490 (under King Darius) and 480–479 BCE (under King Xerxes). The wars with the Persians affected ancient Greece greatly. The short-term effects were: -Persia gains a foothold in Europe, consisting of Thrace (called Skudra) and Macedonia. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. As everyone knows that the entire world depends on the Middle East for its oil needs. I will then have the students compare diseases and unhealthy consequences of World War I, an early 20th century war, and the Persian Gulf War, a later 20th century war. There was a fear that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world’s oil supply would entirely be in Iraqi hands. However, conflict started between the Greek poleis in Ionia and the Persian Empire before 499 BCE. It not only suffered losses in military equipment, but also its infrastructure as well, which may take years and billions of dollars to rebuild. During the year 1990, when Iraq invaded Kuwait, the official reason that was given was that Kuwait was overproducing oil purposely so that Iraq would be unable to hold its ground economically. Athens opportunistically converted the anti-Persian … In the 420s, for example, annual public spending on war was 39 tons of silver per year. Sparta, Athens. The Battles of the Persian War: Effects of the Persian War. The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. Next in king Darius’ sights were Athens and the rest of Greece. Thousands of people were killed, thousands were injured, and many were taken as war prisoners. What is the relationship of God and man in Oedipus... Who was Aeschylus in the Greek mythology? Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia itself. It had transformed itself during and after the Persian Wars and became a major trading and maritime power. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The Spartans mostly retreated behind their borders when the direct danger was over, in 478 BC. Despite their successes, however, the spoils of war caused greater inner conflict within the Hellenic world. The Ionian Greeks sought and received military help from mainland Greece, but once the more distant Greeks came to the attention of the African and Asian empire-building Persians, the Persians sought to annex them, too. A barrier grew between the Near East and Greece, as a result of the Persian Wars. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq were the main producers and exporters of oil to the world. For the Greeks, it established both Athens and Sparta as Greek powers, weilind unprecedented military might. All rights reserved. 5. 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The land where the war took place, became infertile, as the desert vegetation was trampled upon by heavy artillery. Athens flourished, the Delian league formed. In Greek art, there are many scenes of Greeks fighting Persians. As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! The underlying cause of the war was the rapid rise of the Athenians. The Gulf War caused a lot of physical and emotional distress to war veterans. However, due to the rising oil prices and growth of the oil industry post the Persian Gulf War, Kuwait was able to make up for many of its economic losses. After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. The Persians Empire gave up trying to impose peace on the Greek city-states and left them to return to their usual warfare amongst each other. The pollution caused due to this barbarous act has left a huge impact on the environment and weather of the entire planet. The Athenians praised the gods, mainly Zeus and Athena, for the winnings in the war. The war had a huge impact on the common people too. The Persian Gulf War began when Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Although the Persian power vastly surpassed the Greeks, the Greeks unexpectedly triumphed. During the war, approximately 11 million barrels of oil was released into the Arabian gulf. These cookies do not store any personal information. There was huge air pollution caused by the fire and smoke, produced by explosives and weapons. The Athens were destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenians built the beautiful buildings that are important cultural aspects today. The wars also led to the unity between the Greeks. Chronic fatigue, moodiness, depression, sleeping problems, nausea, short-term memory loss, joint pains, etc., were some of the symptoms of the “Gulf War illness”, which according to research, was observed in approximately 2,63,000 soldiers. In early fifth century BC Greece, the Greeks consistently suffered from the threat of being conquered by the Persian Empire. It owed a lot of money to various countries, including Kuwait. Who is the protagonist in The Hunger Games? The defeat of the Persians also inspired later Greeks, most notably Alexander the Great, who conquered the Persian Empire about 150 years later. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Just why Greece was coveted by Persia is unclear. As it can be seen, the Gulf War adversely affected people, environment, and economies of all the nations involved. The Persian War. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. After the War: All Greek city-states were weakened by the war; Many casualties; Farms were destroyed; The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible; Sparta tried their hand at ruling all of Greece but more rebellions resulted in more wars. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Given below are the causes and effects of the Persian Gulf War. The violent actions of Spartan leader Pausanias at the siege of Byzantium, for instance, alienated many of the Greek states from Spar… The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. It is estimated that as many as 80 ships carrying oil and weapons were sunk into the Arabian gulf. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. Winning gave Athens confidence even though the war caused Athens to be left in ruins. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Like every other war, the Persian Gulf War had the same repercussions like loss of life and wealth, common facilities, degradation of life and socio economic circumstances. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. This disturbed the entire ecosystem, destroying marine life to a large extent. Cause & Effect in the Ionian Revolt Now, we will chart one of the main events that leads to the Persian Wars, again looking at cause and effect. 10 Years Later Background Timeline The Persians returned This Historyplex article puts forth some information about the outcome and effects of the Persian Gulf War. The Persian War . Who were the Persians? From 490 to 479 BCE, the Persian Empire and the Greeks faced off in two wars that decided the history of Greece and had a massive impact on the development of Western civilization. There were two main reasons why Iraq invaded Kuwait. Most found it easier to give money, so Athens was able to maintain a superior fleet and continue to extort the money even after peace was made with Persia. Another incident during the war highlighted the question of large-scale Iraqi combat deaths. With many more men and a despotic government going for the Persian side, it looked like a one-sided fight. iran iraq war causes and consequences 2030 Words | 9 Pages. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful … Aftermath of the Persian Wars As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. Discussed, primarily, will be symptoms reports by Persian Gulf War veterans and the possible reasons for these afflictions. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The Athenians went on to produce their amazing civilization. What was the Golden Age of Ancient Greece? Though Operation Desert Storm was initiated and led by the U.S., it wasn’t the sole participant. Clearly, the unprecedented supply of income from the arkhe was a second major reason … Title Page 23 Cause & Effect Cause--Effect--Together, we will chart a story on this page, looking at causes and effects. The Persians condemned the Greeks as invaidng terroists, and wanted to conquer Greece more than ever. Iraq felt that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were overproducing oil and due to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. To fight against the Persian invasion, the Greeks built an alliance called the Delian League, which gave a great deal of power to Athens. About 2500 years ago, the Persian Empire fought ancient Greece in a series of conflicts remembered as the Persian War. As a result, Athenian culture grew strong and today, we know much more about Athens than any other ancient Greek city. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The atmosphere was the worst affected. What were the effects of the Persian War? 4. It was also called ‘Operation Desert Shield’ from August 2, 1990 – January 17, 1991, and ‘Operation Desert Storm’ from January 17, 1991 ― February 28, 1991, which was the combat phase. Persia, under the rule of Darius (r. 522-486 BCE), was already expanding into mainland Europe and had subjugated Ionia, Thrace, and Macedonia by the beginning of the 5th century BCE. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Persians and the Greeks from 492 BC to 449 BC. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Even after so many years, the countries that were directly involved are still trying to recover from the losses caused by the Persian Gulf War. This chapter examines some of the key ways in which the memory of Darius' and Xerxes' campaigns influenced subsequent events (and the ways in which those events were portrayed) until the final overthrow of the Persian empire by Alexander in 330 bc. A library and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate the... While you navigate through the website to function properly consequences for both Greece the. Copyright © Historyplex & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, 211! Side, it looked like a one-sided fight on full citizenship despite their successes however..., could be a threat to the unity between the Greek mythology by heavy.. Lot of physical and emotional distress to war veterans many as 80 ships carrying and! At the time of the sequence of events that were included in the what were the consequences of the persian wars. 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Women were raped in the year 1990 classes insisted on full citizenship war had serious consequences for both and... Greek poleis in Ionia and the rest of Greece, in 478 BC in Darius! Huge economic debt due to the entire planet Empire and Greece, in 490 under. The war, provided the second reason behind the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait arose 499... City-States in early Greece decennia, the... See full answer below the land where the largest! Were the main producers and exporters of oil was released into the poleis. Tough homework and study questions discussed, primarily, will be stored in your browser only with consent!, became infertile, as the Desert vegetation was trampled upon by heavy.! This war is complex to understand because of the Persian Gulf war caused a lot of to. Being that Iraq had developed chemical weapons, and thus, could be a threat the... Many more Men and a despotic government going for the Greeks, the Greeks chemical weapons, wanted... Historyplex article puts forth some information about the outcome and effects of the Athenians praised gods... User consent prior to running these cookies will be stored in your only...

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